Emerging partnership in a post-Western world? The political economy of China-Turkey relations
Ziya Öniş & Maimaiti Yalikun (2021): Emerging partnership in a post-Western world? The political economy of China-Turkey relations, Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, DOI: 10.1080/14683857.2021.1981624
The present paper aims to explain the newly found momentum in the China-Turkey relationship over the course of the past decade. Attention is given to two interlocking processes involving global dynamics and domestic politics in Turkey in a rapidly shifting international context. At the global level, significant power shifts away from the West and the growing global reach and assertiveness of China during the Xi Jinping era have played an important role. At the domestic level, profound power shifts and attempts to consolidate a new and yet fragile political-economic model associated with a highly centralized and authoritarian presidential system have emerged as crucial factors. Our central point is that the China-Turkey partnership embodies an important political dimension that goes beyond a narrow economic partnership. Given the inherently political nature of the relationship, the future path of the China-Turkey partnership will depend crucially on Turkey’s domestic political trajectory over the next decade.